tv [untitled] October 9, 2010 3:30pm-4:00pm EDT
the prices in the markets have pulled back i mean all the role well because the weak about one of the have two percent higher for all the major or global in this is the russian market as well now german energy companies that express their interest in the sell strong pipeline among them b. which is said to be thinking about joining the project at the moment gazprom is just want european partner italy's any but e.t.f. in france is also in talks to participate on the subject of current gas supplies head of gas probably like say miller says it may exceed last year's export volumes by three percent or more while northern and central european gas consumption is growing southern and eastern europe are tightening their belts are rising gas pumps gas output is mostly driven by domestic demand. and that's your update for this hour but you can always buy more stories on our website r.t. dot com slash business.
forty two thousand americans die each year car accidents will be a thousand. seven hundred thousand people. and thirty two thousand will kill themselves cancer in all its forms kills five hundred sixty thousand of us here part disease is even more devastating it kills over eight hundred seventy thousand
americans every day here. twenty four hours a day we are on t.v. here in the russian capital top stories now the campaigning is over. the head of sunday's parliamentary vote security services on high alert and the fizz the result could bring violence to the central asian republics. a shortlist of three men and one woman wanting to become the next mayor of moscow has been published it's now up to president dmitry medvedev to decide who gets the capital's top seat. plus kickbacks rocketeer in corruption and intimidation that's the treatment some georgians claim they're getting from their own government is this one say that
approach with intimidating offers they can't refuse. i'll be back with more news for us in thirty minutes from now in the meantime it's all going off spotlight program and he's guest today is a nobel prize winner in physics whose discovery promises to revolutionize nano technology. this place makes sound i managed to yes. but another is it sparkles and unexplainable interest. in a place where supernatural things are happening. on . probably one of. those. on our.
hello again a welcome to spotlight they interview siobhan artsy i've not been today my guest is going to spend soon not my sil. six years ago two russian scientists in manchester discovered a revolutionary material called left think last week they were awarded a nobel prize in physics for what is likely to revolutionize nine attack engineering today game and love us all of our packing their bags for stuff to collect their million pounds from the missile of is joining us via satellite link from england. born in russia is thinking of us all of us father was an engineer while his mother was
a teacher after graduating with honors from the moscow physical technical university constantin started work at a scientific research center in the in moscow two years later he moved to the netherlands breaking that another russian scientist on drug game and whose guidance he continues to work the do physicists later moved to the university of manchester in the. ok to continue their research six years ago no less open game discovered graffiti to which they were awarded your physics prize there to receive the world's most prestigious scientific word the noble prize for producing graffiti which can rival silicon as a basis of computer chips so perhaps their sense of letting silicon valley stay american but making griffin valley more russian creation that's called. columnist of the soul of welcome to the show thank you very much for being with us . first of all have you already got yourself a tuxedo or maybe you got one. too much too many of our problems.
i would i would appreciate any advice ok. well the russian government as far as you know i'm sure is attempting to create a sort of a silicon valley here outside moscow well do you think it's maybe a better idea now to to to create new graphene value rather than a silicon valley. the former regime is of called the priority of silicon valley would be it would be quite. well you wouldn't know you have published a paper describing. describing your your your invention your work well five years ago right so. far five years what have you been doing since where where are you
now with your research is the no good scene or is something else. that was that was only the beginning what we showed in that paper is that we can produce this the material apparently. this material got so many fantastic properties that we were still stuck there in for those six years i guess we're going to start it or people you go into started from for the next ten twenty or you or you or more years or so so you still are working on a growth scene and the same on this is savage again so so you know you know the movie might be measured five live on the subject. and one fortunately norther and the main problem is that i guess the most interesting experiment is still had a farce and of course this prize really. brings us a little bit behind on this in this rush to to get to those very nice experiments can you tell us what is this most that made experiment and frankly speaking for
every single research. might be there their own type of experiments because this this material or has a number of very different but very even the same properties the mechanical properties the optical properties the. electronic properties for me is the combination between mechanical and electronic properties which are the most interesting constantin you just said and then minutes ago that you were in this in this paper of yours for which you got the nobel prize you said that you said i quote we can produce good feeling but as far as i know you are not producing anything or you are interested in production or you just interested in research. well we do research on this material bugs in order to start our experiments we need to produce those samples first so of course the sample production reproduction of
all this material is quite a port and. very often the most important parts or for our research you said that you have to produce enough material for your research but one of your colleagues in the united kingdom i quote said in this age of complexity with the machines like the super collider these guys managed to get the nobel prize using just sellotape so. is it true do you really that's yeah that's that's absolutely true and furthermore i guess a cheaper sounds good eighty percent of researchers across the world who do graffiti and it's actually it's a seclusion subject no they but they still use this solitary methods issue introduce which we introduced in two thousand and four and you also still use
sellotape in europe. in most cases yes and like it in greek. you have a year year do you have enough sellotape now or you still do you still have to do to pick pick it out out of garbage bins. got an exclusive supply from a few companies ok now. why are you called garbage scientists you know this label garbage scientists is it is it really because beer because you you pulled your first samples are the garbage bin or what is it. yes probably and i totally don't don't don't come although nobody tells us brave enough to say to me to twenty phrases. totally totally foreign was being called like this it's an interesting story we were gods the indians were looted our colleague electioneer
city who was working with us at the time. doing experiments on the way how he clean graphite in the throw in this cellar table with pieces of thin pieces of graphite into the bin and basically what we've done we've picked a top and. made our first samples from from those that so so you don't regard this next day mad as being insulting to you now absolutely no i don't i don't care how people call in ok you know can you tell us when did you realize that what you were doing is really a revolution in physics did you ever realizing it. well. you see we are quite lucky you know although we can afford to work result thinking about producing a real lucian in physics we can afford to work just because we were really really
like it and already the very first experiments which we wish we had done it was was those samples made from those first tapes we realize that we have something extremely interesting you know hans and you took us to probably easier or you win more to the gods the graph and samples bods the interesting physics we can see in the very. first experiments ok how many people except you and game contributed to this graphene research because as far as i know usually one or two people get the nobel prize but actually it's a it's a company of like dozens of people is that the case with you. oh yes here i was in that it was a pool of great researchers of fantastic people who were doing those first experiments you see i don't think that. the prize is due in just on the
merits of the one experiment so rouer doing very interesting physics over the over the whole all over the years. in that we we actually i especially want to think should be more of it in the grid or who've been working with us for for quite a long time and. also have a great pool of protons to do students and poles dogs who from all over the world with us but this science is no. this is this this area so vast now that we rely you know experiments not on the on the on our results we do rely on the results of all the community and it is you know it consists of probably hundreds of labs across the world so are you going to split the million quid you hey going to get it yet is that. well it's million
dollars larry i i'm sort of so busy at the moment i didn't know or thought it's. thought about this and really haven't heard you. you're either teacher and now your colleague andrew again said i quote that graphene has all the potential to change our life the same way plastics did in the twentieth century so do you think that the twenty first century will be there the the age of growth feed the age of game and know myself. oh yeah absolutely graffiti changed our lives come completely dramatically so we've had fantastic time over the last years and we arrive to this small one which is which is quite good as well but seriously i think. it does have
a great world potential we still don't realize. how large is this potential i don't want to speculate about a place in silicon or who is with graffiti there are far too more complicated questions than. the as a said already there are quite a few properties of this material which are unique the mechanical optical electronic and it will find its applications. because i didn't know we're still there for the nobel prize winner in physics this year spotlight will be back shortly right after the break so stay with us delta. live. live.
live. live showbiz that stands at the same evaluations of the insel trade incentives presentation high production success cleats graphics music all of this is a way to sort of focus people's attention by using techniques that are sensitive the same amount during this war we had millions of military entertainment lists . imagine your life under the big city. crystal clear water. soft. organic
food. living in harmony with nature. sounds impossible. some people have already chills. a place under the sun on our team. live. our lives. welcome back to spotlight i am al going of in just a reminder that my guests today via satellite link from from manchester is constantin number still of the man who was awarded nobel prize in physics this year . consensus well i know that you both you. and regain the colleagues you have just mentioned telling us about. most of them are russians and i know that you even work at the so-called russian floor at the
inverse of manchester although about stories now that by russians so you are a british citizens game is a dutch citizen but do consider yourself still to did to be russian or or british or i don't know european a what do you think oh. i definitely consider myself russian. i'm british as well. of a lot too russian education too. and that sounds absolutely. but you chose to go to continue your work in england because what. because the university you're in now gives you more research possibilities what else what if you compare well you already said in a couple of interviews that that the russian system of training in physics is the best in the world but after you trained compare russian and european british what
are the differences. first of all let me let me tell you that it is absolutely normal practice that scientists go from one lab to another to learn different techniques and obtain different skills i can tell you that if you got ph d. in holland for instance he was on the be able to continue as opposed to get there because you would have to by law you would have to go away from the country ok there are some some some some researchers of course applied. was the to the measure difference or probably one of the one of the booth thing about. western system of science is its openness and so so easy to move from one university to to another and definitely help in transfer in of the knowledge of the
skills and the technology and it's it's it's one of the key issues in a more them science well president medvedev when he was speaking well a couple of days ago i think it was the national teachers day was he was presenting awards to the best teachers in russia he he said a couple of words about you you and the game and he said well it's a pity that those russian guys actually got their prize working abroad and he said i would like to see more and more russian scientists working in russia getting the same possibilities the same funding advantages and what do you feel the do you share the same concern with our president. i would say that did you should you should do it more broadly i should say that. in the in wides back to russia not only russian scientists but we should in the wide the best scientists. back
to russia and that that includes russian british american who else science is where edition is international and you always get it war always want to get the best result and the best results are produced by the best people and you cannot rely on one nationality only in this in this process you have to you master in white the bastion for us well the really mentioned result of brain drain from russia is that russian scientists are increasingly uncritically sighted in world scientific press and in world scientific publications but since all these scientists are now abroad most of them are abroad does it mean that the younger generation of russian scientists would may not be as successful as you are. two points trust toward more. russian side has brought there are huge number of
from past in fairly good scientists who work in russia that's i totally disagree with you on this point and second as i said already exchange of scientists is not about things that's absolute in law or practice brain drain is nor is not about the the berthing is the is no a real us process is that scientists are coming back to russia and so you should be sure russia got fantastic school of science we should share it with the war but we also have to get something back from the war and we need to unwind best the best people and i don't think that. makes a big issue here constantin the russian government the kremlin has been pretty much obsessed by nana technology over the last couple of years and many people a journalist has been pretty sort of casting at there and now this obsession with
nanotechnology do you think that investing into nanotechnology is really the right thing to do for the russian government today. well i guess as you probably misread all this all this initiative. you always need a big flag and i call the the main idea behind this is true and what it is to invest to technology in general and it's the correct things it will be absolutely wrong of course to invest into knowledge and knowledge and forget completely about micro technology and forgets about ethics in technology and concentrate only about on this time minus nine the profits. so invest in technology as long as it was was some sounds is is a perfectly good idea e you said that she didn't even know the for the ten minutes ago the amount of the
money you'll get within about prize that that means that you are not at all interested in money and in business that you are you are not at all you and your colleagues are not at all interested in the commercial and the use of graphene of putting it into is into well real life into gadgets and whatever. well look what. most of all we cannot tell it's for also for my colleagues who have foremost to lose who own companies which are we produce graphene who have nothing to do is the day those companies do do exist so some of my good friends and colleagues they do have some interest in in business. why we're interested in having a good time in the lab. if it involves creation new type of
devices from from graffiti we would do it so we for instance we produced a prototype of liquid crystal display made of woman weirdo head of graphene you are absolutely right it will be very extremely very boring for me to sit for here and try and so. to make this this device work slightly better that will be towards me but that's an important part of or of jobs and a you mentioned spending time having good time in the land which she said is that it is well to really think for her for in life tell us about it what is having a good time with your friends in the lab what do you do what do you mean by having good time in the lab. ok don't take your own or. like picking up squash table and making make in first samples of graphene that's fantastic time. making some new type of devices that's
fantastic so for for me the best one is a device which you can produce. in the day and you just got an idea where you will produce a device and you measure it in the evening that's the the best one. any interested in arguments any unusual having a good time. constantin this graphene as far as i understand is as a unique unique two d. material a material with the unique qualities is it really unique is it one of a kind or there may be other materials with similar or even better qualities yet to come yet to be invented. oh yes absolutely that's and i'm a little bit concerned about this but we are so so much concentration on griffin i really would like to to look
a little bit broader now but it's even griffin by itself already that he gives us so much fun that it's hard to. go somewhere else but i'm sure and probably we would suspect how to do it there are other materials there reads worse similar interests and problems as well russian kids have have lots of sellotape and we call scotch well they're well well whatever so we're where do we have to look for these new materials you said it may be other than graffiti where it what it is what does this do we have to look for it while we can you can think about combinations of graphene and some signals and that will that will produce your new material and like just put into graphene school gather on three or three rough interns who gather and the it will be a new material or together so there are so instead of using sellotaped to split graffiti you just put it back or you just
use some nama glue if you want to glue it back together so that's just one not just i just corrine you ideas well last question i have read in the press that the military our old ready getting increasingly interested in your invention have you heard anything about that do you think that can that get. this interest from from the side of the military can spoil your life make your life after. well we were gods i know if you guys from from the office of air force or us and from no research there there were nice guys and we do have funding from from them your goal for a conference you you see a top talk from from even told they did the show you a performance of high frequency but in this instance and half of the screen is
blank because they say that it is its information so yes there is some. drive from the three as well i hate what it is and this. classified by. the reason a bottle for service which is which is doing more than most to buy the three in the it goes thank you never still of a russian russian scientist in manchester a nobel prize winner that will need some help thank you in these coming couple of days inviting us to see their we sound so please give it a chance because i can thank you very much for being with us and just to remind us that confronting the myself was our guest today and. we'll do that with more friends than comment on what's going on in and outside russia until then stay on r.t. and take care.